Consuming bitter gourd, scientifically known as Momordica charantia, is an assured way to add nutritious food to your diet, and the number of health benefits it has is impressive. The well-studied benefits are listed below:

Plant Large plant, Vine
Maturity Harvest starts from 55-70 days from sowing
Environment Well-drained red loamy soil. Natural full sunlight. 6 to 8 hrs.
Height after growth Long, Vine
Planting Season Summer Season
Watering Daily, Water whenever surface soil is dry.
Planting & Growing Instructions Direct seeds sowing. Sow the seeds 2 cm deep. Regularly apply nutrients and plant protection. Bed Sowing in 24 inches to 3 feet distance.
Note: Used as seeds only and not for consumption. Seeds to be sown before the expiry date.

Planting And Care:

  • Take a container of your choice with will drainage holes at the bottom.
  • Fill this container with proper potting layers and a growth medium of your choice. Sow 2 seeds at the center of a pot.
  • When growing on raised beds, sow two seeds per pot in a spacing of 3 x 3 ft.
  • Push the seeds into the growing medium with your fingers. Make sure you cover the seeds completely with this growing medium.
  • Water the sown seedbed immediately by a light shower with a watering can.
  • Fill the cells/cups with a moist coco-peat medium.

Bottle gourd Special Pride Care:

  • For growing Bitter Gourd use big circular pots or grow bags with 16” diameter and a minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
  • Within the first 6-8 days your seeds will start germinating.
  • Bitter Gourds require full sunlight. Keep your bitter gourd container in a spot that receives proper sunlight. If you are growing ash gourd on a raised bed, ensure that you make the raised bed in a bright sunny spot.
  • All vegetable seeds need sun for at least 5-6 hours a day. Water the plant every day in the summers.
  • Use a watering can. The plant needs to be watered in the form of a shower.
  • Check for early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. If you notice any such symptoms, spray your plant with appropriate medicines.
  • About 2 months after sowing seeds, your Bitter Gourd will be ready for harvest.
  • Hold the seeds and sow 2-3 seeds per cell/cup. Since Lavender seeds are small in size, do not sow them deeply.

Common Problems

My bitter gourd seeds are not germinating.
The Bitter Gourd like most of the vegetable seeds requires proper sunlight for at least 5 – 6 hours in a day. Inadequate sunlight will hamper the germination process.

What is the white powdery residue on my Bitter Gourd plant’s leaves?
White powdery residue on upper leaf surfaces is a symptom of Powdery Mildew. Keep a watch on the early symptoms of powdery mildew. Use appropriate chemicals to get rid of the powdery mildew.


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